Wounded civilians arrive at a hospital in Aleppo. Photo source: Voice of America News: Scott Bob reports from Aleppo, Syria via Wikimedia Commons
Blog / Europe

Syria: Are there any Options?

Wounded civilians arrive at a hospital in Aleppo. Photo source: Voice of America News: Scott Bob reports from Aleppo, Syria via Wikimedia Commons

It seems that not a day goes by without news of fresh tragedy in Syria. Reports have emerged that Islamic State may have been responsible for chemical weapons attacks, two years after …

Blog / Environment & Energy

Gazprom’s 2015 Turning Point

Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Major_russian_gas_pipelines_to_europe.png (Author: Samuel Bailey)

Gazprom, the Russian state oil and natural gas company, has once again come under intense scrutiny from the West. This time, the European Union is bringing antitrust charges against the oil and gas powerhouse.  The political relationship between Russia and the EU is already volatile at best; therefore, recent allegations against …

Euromaidan_Kyiv_1-12-13_by_Gnatoush_009
Blog / International Law

Ukraine in the Making

EuroMaidan in Kiev, 1 December 2013. Source: Ilya via Wikimedia Commons

A little over a year from the start of the protests in the Ukrainian capital’s Independence Square (Maidan Nezalezhnosti), the Ukraine crisis has not yet ended. The country is still torn between East and West in a fight against pro-Russian Rebel forces and, with …

SovietSofiaStatue
Blog / Europe

Bulgaria’s Soviet Past is not set in Stone

In Sofia, monuments to the Soviet Army have been vandalised a number of times – this Pop Art version of a statue appeared in 2011 and more recently in 2013 it was been daubed in Pink paint. Паметник на Съветската армия via Wikimedia Commons

Last month, Russia issued a protest note about a vandalised Soviet monument …

Heartland
Blog / Europe

Geopolitics and Ukraine

The map showing the Heartland area from Mackinder’s 1904 work ‘The Geographical Pivot of History’. Photo source: Halford J. Mackinder. Original uploader was Marc-king at nl.wikipedia via Wikimedia Commons.

Media coverage of the on-going Ukraine crisis regularly refers to geopolitics. Whilst the term is often misused as a synonym for geography, and the theoretical background …

IAF Sufa Fighters fly in formation over Israel. Photo Source Israel Defense Forces via Flickr Creative Commons.
Blog / Middle East and North Africa

Ukraine: An Israeli Problem?

IAF Sufa Fighters fly in formation over Israel. Photo Source: Israel Defense Forces via Flickr Creative Commons.

The Ukraine crisis has redefined the established parameters of international politics and upended the rational expectations of the West; prior to February it was unthinkable that Russia would resort to military force to protect its foreign interests in …

800px-2014-03-09_-_Perevalne_military_base_-_0206
Blog / International Law

Ukraine and Jus Ad Bellum: Past Application and Future Trajectory

Military base at Perevalne during the 2014 Crimean crisis. Photo Source: Anton Holoborodko via Wikimedia Commons.

Article 2(4) of the UN Charter prohibits states from using force in their international relations. Though the laws governing the use of force are convoluted, especially as a result of state practice in this arena, this starting point for …